1 Samuel 23 — Jonathan, for all his flaws, really was a good friend. I can’t imagine how difficult it must have been to go against his father like he did, even though he was in the right and Saul was in the wrong. And it’s evident that Jonathan and David were kindred spirits. Jonathan recognized God’s call on David’s life and responded accordingly (v. 17).
1 Samuel 24 — I’m always amazed at David’s recognition of and reverence for God’s anointing and his anointed. He’d go on to write a song of praise (1 Chron. 16:8-36) in which the LORD says, “Do not touch my anointed ones, do my prophets no harm” (1 Chron. 16:22 cf. Ps. 105:15). But David also recognizes something that Saul doesn’t when he says “May the LORD judge between me and you, may the LORD avenge me against you, but my hand shall not be against you” (v. 24). He recognizes the import of Leviticus 19:18, which says “You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself,” and he recognizes that vengeance is the LORD’s (Deut. 32:35 cf. Rom. 12:19).
1 Samuel 25 — Abigail was a classy lady; and a smart cookie. It’s really no surprise that David took her for a wife after the LORD struck down Nabal. The word “bloodguilt” (ESV) appears twice in this chapter; once on the lips of Abigail (v. 26) and once on the lips of David (v. 33). It’s interesting to note that this word is plural דמים, which the Talmud says “inidcate[s] two kinds of blood… of uncleanness and capital punishment” (b. Meg. 14b). I’m not sure that I agree, although I’ll hold out the possibility, but it was an interesting reading nonetheless. I take the plural to refer to the shedding of multiple people’s blood.